The British Herpetological Society

The Herpetological Journal is the Society's prestigious quarterly scientific journal. Articles are listed in Biological Abstracts, Current Awareness in Biological Sciences,Current Contents, Science Citation Index, and Zoological Record.

 ISSN 0268-0130

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pdf 02. Breeding site fidelity in the Japanese toad, Bufo japonicus formosus


Open Access


Authors: Tamotsu Kusano, Kazuko Maruyama And Shigenori Kanenko

Abstract: A breeding population of Japanese toads, Bufo japonicus formosus was studied at two ponds in Yamakita-machi, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan, during the three breeding seasons of 1992-1994. The movement of toads between the ponds was monitored by mark-recapture studies. Although the two ponds were only 30 m apart, most toads did not switch ponds within or between years. A binomial test and bootstrap simulation rejected the null hypothesis that individual toads selected their breeding ponds randomly from year to year. Mating success and other ecological and behavioural characteristics were compared between male toads that exhibited site fidelity and those that switched ponds during the study period, but we could not detect any significant differences between them. This study demonstrated strong site fidelity in B.j.formosus, but failed to show quantitative advantages or disadvantages of returning annually to the same pond.

Keywords: Bufo japonicus formosus, site fidelity, movement between ponds, mating success

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Please note that as from Volume 31 Number 1 (January 2021) on, the Herpetological Journal will be available as an online publication only - the last print edition will be Volume 30 Number 4.   

Aligning with this change, it is now no longer possible to purchase a subscription that includes a print copy of the HJ.  All members who have existing HJ print subscriptions that remain active as at end June 2020 will receive the full four 2020 print editions.  New subscribers or renewals after this time will only have option to subscribe to the online only subscription package.  Subscription pricing has been amended to reflect the content changes.