The Herpetological Journal is the Society's prestigious quarterly scientific journal. Articles are listed in Biological Abstracts, Current Awareness in Biological Sciences,Current Contents, Science Citation Index, and Zoological Record.
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Authors: Ma, Xiao Hui; Zhao, Li; Lu, Xin & Liao, Wen Bo
Abstract: Sexual size dimorphism (SSD) is a widespread phenomenon commonly attributed to sex-specific patterns of selection on body size. Using data from Dengchigou population of the Omei treefrog (Rhacophorus omeimontis) in Fengtongzhai National Nature Reserve, southwestern China, we evaluated the hypothesis that direct phenotypic selection on both males and females can produce SSD. Female biased-SSD was generally driven by selection on females due to fecundity advantage of large body size rather than sexual selection favouring large male body size. Furthermore, differences in life-history traits (i.e. growth rate and/or time available for growth) between the sexes also resulted in female biased-SSD. Our findings suggest that the relationship between female size and fecundity supports the prediction that selection for fecundity drives female biased-SSD.
Keywords: OMEI TREEFROG, SEXUAL SIZE DIMORPHISM, STANDARDISED SELECTION GRADIENTS