The Herpetological Journal is the Society's prestigious quarterly scientific journal. Articles are listed in Biological Abstracts, Current Awareness in Biological Sciences,Current Contents, Science Citation Index, and Zoological Record.
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Authors: Masahiro Saka
Abstract: Acute toxicity tests were carried out on five species of Japanese amphibian larvae, at different developmental stages, to assess the risk posed by thiobencarb, a component of rice paddy herbicides. Test substances were four types of commercially formulated herbicide containing mainly thiobencarb, and the 24 h, 48 h, 72 h and 96 h LC50 (median lethal concentration) values of these herbicides were calculated by probit analysis. These values ranged from 0.9 to 6.5 mg/I of thiobencarb. Newly hatched larvae seemed to be slightly more resistant to the herbicides than well-developed larvae in all test species. There were no clear interspecific differences in responses. The actual thiobencarb concentration in paddy water was measured with indoor models for two weeks, and it ranged from Xenopus laevis produced approximately the same LC50 values as those of Japanese amphibians. This indicates that experimental frogs such as Xenopus laevis can act as a model for these native and wild amphibians when toxicity tests are conducted.
Keywords: Japanese amphibians, herbicide, thiobencarb, acute toxicity, risk assessment